Complex multiphase flows & strict environmental regulations present immense challenges in designing of processes and equipment.
Combustion and heat transfer can be modelled using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and has been used widely in optimization of .
Heat Treatment of FEED & Produced Water using heat exchangers to improve separation performance is routinely employed in.
The ASME Section VIII vessels used in refining & chemical industry are generally perceived to be reliable & safe under most circumstances.
Additional loads caused by structural movements resulting from rotary or reciprocating equipment and occasional loads caused by natural events .
High pressure pulsations generated from reciprocating pumps or reciprocating compressors can cause a number of problems